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About NPCB

National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% Centrally Sponsored scheme with the goal to reduce the prevalence of blindness from 1.4% to 0.3%. As per Survey in 2001-02, prevalence of blindness is estimated to be 1.1%.  Rapid Survey on Avoidable Blindness conducted under NPCB during 2006-07 showed reduction in the prevalence of blindness from 1.1% (2001-02) to 1% (2006-07). Various activities/initiatives undertaken during the Five Year Plans under NPCB are targeted towards achieving the goal of reducing the prevalence of blindness to 0.3% by the year 2020. 


Main causes of blindness are as follows: - Cataract (62.6%) Refractive Error (19.70%) Corneal Blindness (0.90%), Glaucoma (5.80%), Surgical Complication (1.20%) Posterior Capsular Opacification (0.90%) Posterior Segment Disorder (4.70%), Others (4.19%) Estimated National Prevalence of Childhood Blindness /Low Vision is 0.80 per thousand


Goals & Objectives of NPCB in the XII Plan


·                    To reduce the backlog of blindness through identification and treatment of blind at primary, secondary and tertiary levels based on assessment of the overall burden of visual impairment in the country.

·                     Develop and strengthen the strategy of NPCB for “Eye Health” and prevention of visual impairment; through provision of comprehensive eye care services and quality service delivery.

·                    Strengthening and upgradation of RIOs to become centre of excellence in various sub-specialities of ophthalmology

·                    Strengthening the existing and developing additional human resources and infrastructure facilities for providing  high quality comprehensive Eye Care  in all Districts of the country;

·                     To enhance  community awareness on eye care and lay stress on preventive measures; 

·                     Increase and expand research for prevention of blindness and visual impairment

·                    To secure participation of Voluntary Organizations/Private Practitioners in eye Care



Budget Allocation




Guidelines for Eye Banking

Guidelines for Eye Ward OT

Guidelines for Presbypoia

Guidelines for Operationalization of MDMOU

Guidelines for RIO

Guidelines for Training

Guidelines for Voluntary Government Organizations

Guidelines for Eye Surgeon

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